Archive ouverte HAL – Anyonic tight-binding models of parafermions and of fractionalized fermions

Davide RossiniMatteo CarregaMarcello Calvanese StrinatiLeonardo Mazza 1

Phys.Rev.B, 2019, 99 (8), pp.085113. 〈10.1103/PhysRevB.99.085113〉

Parafermions are emergent quasiparticles which generalize Majorana fermions and possess intriguing anyonic properties. The theoretical investigation of effective models hosting them is gaining considerable importance in view of present-day condensed-matter realizations where they have been predicted to appear. Here we study the simplest number-conserving model of particlelike Fock parafermions, namely a one-dimensional tight-binding model. By means of numerical simulations based on exact diagonalization and on the density-matrix renormalization group, we prove that this quadratic model is nonintegrable and displays bound states in the spectrum due to its peculiar anyonic properties. Moreover, we discuss its many-body physics, characterizing anyonic correlation functions and discussing the underlying Luttinger-liquid theory at low energies. In the case when Fock parafermions behave as fractionalized fermions, we are able to unveil interesting similarities with two counterpropagating edge modes of two neighboring Laughlin states at filling 1/3.

  • 1. LPTMS - Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Modèles Statistiques