Archive ouverte HAL – Constraint satisfaction mechanisms for marginal stability and criticality in large ecosystems

Ada Altieri 1 Silvio Franz 2

Physical Review E , American Physical Society (APS), 2019, 99 (1), 〈10.1103/PhysRevE.99.010401〉

We discuss a resource-competition model, which takes the MacArthur's model as a platform, to unveil interesting connections with glassy features and jamming in high dimension. This model presents two qualitatively different phases: a "shielded" phase, where a collective and self-sustained behavior emerges, and a "vulnerable" phase, where a small perturbation can destabilize the system and contribute to population extinction. We first present our perspective based on a strong similarity with continuous constraint satisfaction problems in their convex regime. Then, we discuss the stability in terms of the computation of the leading eigenvalue of the Hessian matrix of the free energy in the replica space. This computation allows us to efficiently distinguish between the two aforementioned phases and to relate high-dimensional critical ecosystems to glassy phenomena in the low-temperature regime.

  • 1. LPS - Laboratoire de Physique Statistique de l'ENS
  • 2. LPTMS - Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Modèles Statistiques