Archive ouverte HAL – One-dimensional two-component fermions with contact even-wave repulsion and SU(2)-symmetry-breaking near-resonant odd-wave attraction

D. V. Kurlov 1 S. I. Matveenko 2 V. Gritsev 3 G. V. Shlyapnikov 2

D. V. Kurlov, S. I. Matveenko, V. Gritsev, G. V. Shlyapnikov. One-dimensional two-component fermions with contact even-wave repulsion and SU(2)-symmetry-breaking near-resonant odd-wave attraction. Physical Review A, American Physical Society 2019, 99 (4), ⟨10.1103/PhysRevA.99.043631⟩. ⟨hal-02291881⟩

We consider a one-dimensional (1D) two-component atomic Fermi gas with contact interaction in the even-wave channel (Yang-Gaudin model) and study the effect of an SU(2) symmetry breaking near-resonant odd-wave interaction within one of the components. Starting from the microscopic Hamiltonian, we derive an effective field theory for the spin degrees of freedom using the bosonization technique. It is shown that at a critical value of the odd-wave interaction there is a first-order phase transition from a phase with zero total spin and zero magnetization to the spin-segregated phase where the magnetization locally differs from zero.

  • 1. VAN DER WAALS-ZEEMAN INSTITUTE - University of Amsterdam Van der Waals-Zeeman Institute
  • 2. LPTMS - Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Modèles Statistiques
  • 3. Physics Department