Archive ouverte HAL – Quantum Hall skyrmions at ν = 0 , ± 1 in monolayer graphene

Thierry Jolicoeur 1 Bradraj Pandey 1

Thierry Jolicoeur, Bradraj Pandey. Quantum Hall skyrmions at ν = 0 , ± 1 in monolayer graphene. Physical Review B : Condensed matter and materials physics, American Physical Society, 2019, 100 (11), ⟨10.1103/PhysRevB.100.115422⟩. ⟨hal-02291775⟩

Monolayer graphene under a strong perpendicular field exhibit quantum Hall ferromagnetism with spontaneously broken spin and valley symmetry. The approximate SU(4) spin/valley symmetry is broken by small lattice scale effects in the central Landau level corresponding to filling factors $\nu=0,\pm 1$. Notably the ground state at $\nu=0$ is believed to be a canted antiferromagnetic (AF) or a ferromagnetic (F) state depending on the component of the magnetic field parallel to the layer and the strength of small anisotropies. We study the skyrmions for the filling factors $\nu=\pm 1,0$ by using exact diagonalizations on the spherical geometry. If we neglect anisotropies we confirm the validity of the standard skyrmion picture generalized to four degrees of freedom. For filling factor $\nu=- 1$ the hole skyrmion is an infinite-size valley skyrmion with full spin polarization because it does not feel the anisotropies. The electron skyrmion is also always of infinite size. In the F phase it is always fully polarized while in the AF phase it undergoes continuous magnetization under increasing Zeeman energy. In the case of $\nu=0$ the skyrmion is always maximally localized in space both in F and AF phase. In the F phase it is fully polarized while in the AF it has also progressive magnetization with Zeeman energy. The magnetization process is unrelated to the spatial profile of the skyrmions contrary to the SU(2) case. In all cases the skyrmion physics is dominated by the competition between anisotropies and Zeeman effect but not directly by the Coulomb interactions, breaking universal scaling with the ratio Zeeman to Coulomb energy.

  • 1. LPTMS - Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Modèles Statistiques