Archive ouverte HAL – Symmetries in $B \to D^* \ell \nu$ angular observables

Marcel AlgueróSébastien Descotes-Genon 1 Joaquim MatiasMartín Novoa-Brunet 2

Marcel Algueró, Sébastien Descotes-Genon, Joaquim Matias, Martín Novoa-Brunet. Symmetries in $B \to D^* \ell \nu$ angular observables. JHEP, 2020, 06, pp.156. ⟨10.1007/JHEP06(2020)156⟩. ⟨hal-02518081⟩

We apply the formalism of amplitude symmetries to the angular distribution of the decays B → D$^{∗}$ℓν for ℓ = e, μ, τ . We show that the angular observables used to describe the distribution of this class of decays are not independent in absence of New Physics contributing to tensor operators. We derive sets of relations among the angular coefficients of the decay distribution for the massless and massive lepton cases which can be used to probe in a very general way the consistency among the angular observables and the underlying New Physics at work. We use these relations to access the longitudinal polarisation fraction of the D$^{∗}$ using different angular coefficients from the ones used by Belle experiment. This in the near future can provide an alternative strategy to measure $ {F}_L^{D\ast } $ in B → D$^{∗}$τν and to understand the relatively high value measured by the Belle experiment. Using the same symmetries, we identify three observables which may exhibit a tension if the experimental value of $ {F}_L^{D\ast } $ remains high. We discuss how these relations can be exploited for binned measurements. We also propose a new observable that could test for specific scenarios of New Physics generated by light right-handed neutrinos. Finally we study the prospects of testing these relations based on the projected experimental sensitivity of new experiments.

  • 1. IJCLab - Laboratoire de Physique des 2 Infinis Irène Joliot-Curie
  • 2. LPTMS - Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Modèles Statistiques