Bound states in string nets

Marc SchulzSebastien DusuelJulien Vidal 1

Phys.Rev., 2016, B94 (20), pp.205102. 〈10.1103/PhysRevB.94.205102〉

We discuss the emergence of bound states in the low-energy spectrum of the string-net Hamiltonian in the presence of a string tension. In the ladder geometry, we show that a single bound state arises either for a finite tension or in the zero-tension limit depending on the theory considered. In the latter case, we perturbatively compute the binding energy as a function of the total quantum dimension. We also address this issue in the honeycomb lattice where the number of bound states in the topological phase depends on the total quantum dimension. Finally, the internal structure of these bound states is analyzed in the zero-tension limit.

  • 1. LPTMS - Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Modèles Statistiques