Branching Brownian Motion Conditioned on Particle Numbers

Kabir Ramola 1 Satya N. Majumdar 1 Gregory Schehr 1

Chaos, Solitons and Fractals, Elsevier, 2015, 74, pp.79

We study analytically the order and gap statistics of particles at time $t$ for the one dimensional branching Brownian motion, conditioned to have a fixed number of particles at $t$. The dynamics of the process proceeds in continuous time where at each time step, every particle in the system either diffuses (with diffusion constant $D$), dies (with rate $d$) or splits into two independent particles (with rate $b$). We derive exact results for the probability distribution function of $g_k(t) = x_k(t) - x_{k+1}(t)$, the distance between successive particles, conditioned on the event that there are exactly $n$ particles in the system at a given time $t$. We show that at large times these conditional distributions become stationary $P(g_k, t \to \infty|n) = p(g_k|n)$. We show that they are characterised by an exponential tail $p(g_k|n) \sim \exp[-\sqrt{\frac{|b - d|}{2 D}} ~g_k]$ for large gaps in the subcritical ($b < d$) and supercritical ($b > d$) phases, and a power law tail $p(g_k) \sim 8\left(\frac{D}{b}\right){g_k}^{-3}$ at the critical point ($b = d$), independently of $n$ and $k$. Some of these results for the critical case were announced in a recent letter [K. Ramola, S. N. Majumdar and G. Schehr, Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 210602 (2014)].

  • 1. LPTMS - Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Modèles Statistiques