Coherent topological defect dynamics and collective modes in superconductors and electronic crystals

Dragan Mihailovic 12, Tomaz Mertelj 1, Viktor V Kabanov 1, Serguei Brazovskii 3

Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter 25 (2013) 404206

The control of condensed matter systems out of equilibrium by laser pulses allows us to investigate the system trajectories through symmetry-breaking phase transitions. Thus the evolution of both collective modes and single particle excitations can be followed through diverse phase transitions with femtosecond resolution. Here we present experimental observations of the order parameter trajectory in the normal-superconductor transition and charge-density wave ordering transitions. Of particular interest is the coherent evolution of topological defects forming during the transition via the Kibble-Zurek mechanism, which appears to be measurable in optical pump probe experiments. Experiments on CDW systems reveal some new phenomena, such as coherent oscillations of the order parameter, the creation and emission of dispersive amplitudon modes upon the annihilation of topological defects, and mixing with weakly coupled finite-frequency (massive) bosons.

  • 1 : Jozef Stefan Institute
    Jozef Stefan Institute
  • 2 : CENN Nanocenter
    CENN Nanocenter
  • 3 : Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Modèles Statistiques (LPTMS)
    CNRS : UMR8626 – Université Paris XI - Paris Sud