Collective charge fluctuations and Casimir interactions for quasi one-dimensional metals

Ehsan Noruzifar 1, Thorsten Emig 2, Umar Mohideen 1, Roya Zandi 1

Physical Review B 86 (2012) 115449

We investigate the Casimir interaction between two parallel metallic cylinders and between a metallic cylinder and plate. The material properties of the metallic objects are implemented by the plasma, Drude and perfect metal model dielectric functions. We calculate the Casimir interaction numerically at all separation distances and analytically at large separations. The large-distance asymptotic interaction between one plasma cylinder parallel to another plasma cylinder or plate does not depend on the material properties, but for a Drude cylinder it depends on the dc conductivity $\sigma$. At intermediate separations, for plasma cylinders the asymptotic interaction depends on the plasma wave length $\lambda_{\rm p}$ while for Drude cylinders the Casimir interaction can become independent of the material properties. We confirm the analytical results by the numerics and show that at short separations, the numerical results approach the proximity force approximation.

  • 1. Department of Physics and Astronomy,
    University of California, Riverside
  • 2. Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Modèles Statistiques (LPTMS),
    CNRS : UMR8626 – Université Paris XI - Paris Sud