Comparing Mean Field and Euclidean Matching Problems

J. Houdayer 1, J. H. Boutet de Monvel 1, 2, O. C. Martin 1

European Physical Journal B 6 (1998) 383-393

Combinatorial optimization is a fertile testing ground for statistical physics methods developed in the context of disordered systems, allowing one to confront theoretical mean field predictions with actual properties of finite dimensional systems. Our focus here is on minimum matching problems, because they are computationally tractable while both frustrated and disordered. We first study a mean field model taking the link lengths between points to be independent random variables. For this model we find perfect agreement with the results of a replica calculation. Then we study the case where the points to be matched are placed at random in a d-dimensional Euclidean space. Using the mean field model as an approximation to the Euclidean case, we show numerically that the mean field predictions are very accurate even at low dimension, and that the error due to the approximation is O(1/d^2). Furthermore, it is possible to improve upon this approximation by including the effects of Euclidean correlations among k link lengths. Using k=3 (3-link correlations such as the triangle inequality), the resulting errors in the energy density are already less than 0.5% at d>=2. However, we argue that the Euclidean model\'s 1/d series expansion is beyond all orders in k of the expansion in k-link correlations.

  • 1. Division de Physique Théorique, IPN,
    Université Paris XI - Paris Sud
  • 2. Forschungszentrum BiBos, Fakultät für Physik,
    Universität Bielefeld