Controlling integrability in a quasi-1D atom-dimer mixture

D. S. Petrov 1, 2, V. Lebedev 3, J. T. M. Walraven 3

Physical Review A 85 (2012) 062711

We analytically study the atom-dimer scattering problem in the near-integrable limit when the oscillator length l_0 of the transverse confinement is smaller than the dimer size, ~l_0^2/|a|, where a<0 is the interatomic scattering length. The leading contributions to the atom-diatom reflection and break-up probabilities are proportional to a^6 in the bosonic case and to a^8 for the up-(up-down) scattering in a two-component fermionic mixture. We show that by tuning a and l_0 one can control the 'degree of integrability' in a quasi-1D atom-dimer mixture in an extremely wide range leaving thermodynamic quantities unchanged. We find that the relaxation to deeply bound states in the fermionic (bosonic) case is slower (faster) than transitions between different Bethe ansatz states. We propose a realistic experiment for detailed studies of the crossover from integrable to nonintegrable dynamics.

  • 1. Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Modèles Statistiques (LPTMS),
    CNRS : UMR8626 – Université Paris XI - Paris Sud
  • 2. National Research Centre "Kurchatov Institute" (NRC KI),
    University of Moscow
  • 3. Van der Waals-Zeeman Institute,
    University of Amsterdam