Critical behavior in topological ensembles

K. Bulycheva 1, 2 A. Gorsky 2, 3 S. Nechaev 4, 5

Physical Review D, American Physical Society, 2015, 92, pp.105006

We consider the relation between three physical problems: 2D directed lattice random walks, ensembles of $T_{n,n+1}$ torus knots, and instanton ensembles in 5D SQED with one compact dimension in $\Omega$ background and with 5D Chern-Simons term at the level one. All these ensembles exhibit the critical behavior typical for the "area+length+corners" statistics of grand ensembles of 2D directed paths. Using the combinatorial description, we obtain an explicit expression of the generating function for $q$-Narayana numbers which amounts to the new critical behavior in the ensemble of $T_{n,n+1}$ torus knots and in the ensemble of instantons in 5D SQED. Depending on the number of the nontrivial fugacities, we get either the critical point, or cascade of critical lines and critical surfaces. In the 5D gauge theory the phase transition is of the 3rd order, while in the ensemble of paths and ensemble of knots it is typically of the 1st order. We also discuss the relation with the integrable models.

  • 1. DPPU - Department of Physics,Princeton University
  • 2. IITP - Institute for Information Transmission Problems
  • 3. MIPT - Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology [Moscow]
  • 4. P. N. Lebedev Physical Institute [Moscow]
  • 5. LPTMS - Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Modèles Statistiques