Dense loops, supersymmetry, and Goldstone phases in two dimensions

Jesper-Lykke Jacobsen 1, Nicholas Read 2, Hubert Saleur 3

Physical Review Letters 90 (2003) 090601

Loop models in two dimensions can be related to O(N) models. The low-temperature dense-loops phase of such a model, or of its reformulation using a supergroup as symmetry, can have a Goldstone broken-symmetry phase for N<2. We argue that this phase is generic for -2< N <2 when crossings of loops are allowed, and distinct from the model of non-crossing dense loops first studied by Nienhuis [Phys. Rev. Lett. 49, 1062 (1982)]. Our arguments are supported by our numerical results, and by a lattice model solved exactly by Martins et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 504 (1998)].

  • 1. Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Modèles Statistiques (LPTMS),
    CNRS : UMR8626 – Université Paris XI - Paris Sud
  • 2. Department of Physics,
    Yale University
  • 3. Department of Physics and Astronomy,
    University of Southern California