Dynamics of a massive intruder in a homogeneously driven granular fluid

A. Puglisi 1, A. Sarracino 2, G. Gradenigo 3, D. Villamaina 4

Granular Matter 14 (2012) 235-238

A massive intruder in a homogeneously driven granular fluid, in dilute configurations, performs a memory-less Brownian motion with drag and temperature simply related to the average density and temperature of the fluid. At volume fraction $\sim 10-50%$ the intruder's velocity correlates with the local fluid velocity field: such situation is approximately described by a system of coupled linear Langevin equations equivalent to a generalized Brownian motion with memory. Here one may verify the breakdown of the Fluctuation-Dissipation relation and the presence of a net entropy flux - from the fluid to the intruder - whose fluctuations satisfy the Fluctuation Relation.

  • 1. Dipartimento di Fisica,
    Università La Sapienza
  • 2. Dipartimento di Fisica,
    CNR - Consiglio Nationale delle Ricerche
  • 3. Dipartimento di Fisica,
    CNR - Consiglio Nationale delle Ricerche
  • 4. Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Modèles Statistiques (LPTMS),
    CNRS : UMR8626 – Université Paris XI - Paris Sud