Entanglement production in non-ideal cavities and optimal opacity

Dario Villamaina 1, Pierpaolo Vivo 1

Physical Review B (Condensed Matter) 88 (2013) 041301

We compute analytically the distributions of concurrence $\bm{\mathcal{C}}$ and squared norm $\bm{\mathcal{N}}$ for the production of electronic entanglement in a chaotic quantum dot. The dot is connected to the external world via one ideal and one partially transparent lead, characterized by the opacity $\gamma$. The average concurrence increases with $\gamma$ while the average squared norm of the entangled state decreases, making it less likely to be detected. When a minimal detectable norm $\bm{\mathcal{N}}_0$ is required, the average concurrence is maximal for an optimal value of the opacity $\gamma^\star(\bm{\mathcal{N}}_0)$ which is explicitly computed as a function of $\bm{\mathcal{N}}_0$. If $\bm{\mathcal{N}}_0$ is larger than the critical value $\bm{\mathcal{N}}_0^\star\simeq 0.3693\dots$, the average entanglement production is maximal for the completely ideal case, a direct consequence of an interesting bifurcation effect.

  • 1 : Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Modèles Statistiques (LPTMS)
    CNRS : UMR8626 – Université Paris XI - Paris Sud