Equilibrium and dynamics of a trapped superfluid Fermi gas with unequal masses

G. Orso 1, L. P. Pitaevskii 2, 3, S. Stringari 2

Physical Review A: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics 77 (2007) 033611

Interacting Fermi gases with equal populations but unequal masses are investigated at zero temperature using local density approximation and the hydrodynamic theory of superfluids in the presence of harmonic trapping. We derive the conditions of energetic stability of the superfluid configuration with respect to phase separation and the frequencies of the collective oscillations in terms of the mass ratio and the trapping frequencies of the two components. We discuss the behavior of the gas after the trapping potential of a single component is switched off and show that, near a Feshbach resonance, the released component can still remain trapped due to many-body interaction effects. Explicit predictions are presented for a mixture of $^6$Li and $^{40}$K with resonant interaction.

  • 1. Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Modèles Statistiques (LPTMS),
    CNRS : UMR8626 – Université Paris XI - Paris Sud
  • 2. Dipartimento di Fisica,
    UNIVERSITÀ DEGLI STUDI DI TRENTO
  • 3. Kapitza Institute for Physical Problems,
    Kapitza Institute for Physical Problems