Extreme Value Statistics Distributions in Spin Glasses

Michele Castellana 1, 2, Aurelien Decelle 1, Elia Zarinelli 1

Physical Review Letters 107 (2011) 275701

We study the probability distribution of the pseudo-critical temperature in a mean-field and in a short-range spin-glass model: the Sherrington-Kirkpatrick (SK) and the Edwards-Anderson (EA) model. In both cases, we put in evidence the underlying connection between the fluctuations of the pseudo-critical point and and the Extreme Value Statistics of random variables. For the SK model, both with Gaussian and binary couplings, the distribution of the pseudo-critical temperature is found to be the Tracy-Widom distribution. For the EA model, the distribution is found to be the Gumbel distribution. Being the EA model representative of uniaxial magnetic materials with quenched disorder like $Fe_{0.5} Mn_{0.5} Ti O_3$ or $Eu_{0.5} Ba_{0.5} Mn O_3$, its pseudo-critical point distribution should be a priori experimentally accessible.

  • 1. Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Modèles Statistiques (LPTMS),
    CNRS : UMR8626 – Université Paris XI - Paris Sud
  • 2. Dipartimento di Fisica and INFM,
    Università degli studi di Roma I - La Sapienza