Ferroelectric Mott-Hubbard phase in organic conductors

Serguei Brazovskii 1, Pierre Monceau 2, F. Ya Nad 3

Synthetic Metals 137 (2003) 1331-1333

We present key issues of related phenomenons of the Ferroelectricity and the Charge Disproportionation in organic metals. In (TMTTF_2X the dielectric susceptibility demonstrates clear cases of the ferroelectric and anti-ferroelectric phase transitions. Both the susceptibility and the conductivity prove independence and occasional coexistence of 'structurless' ferroelectric transitions and usual 'anionic' ones. Their sequence gives access to physics of three types of solitons emerging upon cooling via several steps of symmetry breaking. The theory invokes a concept of the Combined Mott-Hubbard State which focuses upon weak processes of electronic Umklapp scattering coming from both the build-in nonequivalence of bonds and the spontaneous one of sites. We propose that the charge ordering in its form of the ferroelectricity exists hiddenly even in the Se subfamily (TMTSF)_2X, giving rise to the unexplained yet low frequency optical peak and the enhanced pseudogap.

  • 1. Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Modèles Statistiques (LPTMS),
    CNRS : UMR8626 – Université Paris XI - Paris Sud
  • 2. Centre de Recherches sur les Très Basses Températures (CRTBT),
    CNRS : UPR5001 – Université Joseph Fourier - Grenoble I – Institut National Polytechnique de Grenoble (INPG)
  • 3. Institute of Radioelectronics,
    Russian Academy of Sciences