Finite-time adiabatic processes: Derivation and speed limit – Archive ouverte HAL

Carlos Plata 1 David Guéry-Odelin 2 Emmanuel Trizac 3 Antonio Prados 4

Carlos Plata, David Guéry-Odelin, Emmanuel Trizac, Antonio Prados. Finite-time adiabatic processes: Derivation and speed limit. Physical Review E , American Physical Society (APS), 2020, 101 (3), ⟨10.1103/PhysRevE.101.032129⟩. ⟨hal-02535447⟩

Obtaining adiabatic processes that connect equilibrium states in a given time represents a challenge for mesoscopic systems. In this paper, we explicitly show how to build these finite-time adiabatic processes for an overdamped Brownian particle in an arbitrary potential, a system that is relevant both at the conceptual and the practical level. This is achieved by jointly engineering the time evolutions of the binding potential and the fluid temperature. Moreover, we prove that the second principle imposes a speed limit for such adiabatic transformations: there appears a minimum time to connect the initial and final states. This minimum time can be explicitly calculated for a general compression/decompression situation.

  • 1. Padova University
  • 2. Atomes Froids (LCAR)
  • 3. LPTMS - Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Modèles Statistiques
  • 4. Universidad de Sevilla