Fluctuations of random matrix products and 1D Dirac equation with random mass

Kabir Ramola 1 Christophe Texier 1

Journal of Statistical Physics, Springer Verlag (Germany), 2014, 157, pp.497-514

We study the fluctuations of certain random matrix products $\Pi_N=M_N\cdots M_2M_1$ of $\mathrm{SL}(2,\mathbb{R})$, describing localisation properties of the one-dimensional Dirac equation with random mass. In the continuum limit, i.e. when matrices $M_n$'s are close to the identity matrix, we obtain convenient integral representations for the variance $\Gamma_2=\lim_{N\to\infty}\mathrm{Var}(\ln||\Pi_N||)/N$. The case studied exhibits a saturation of the variance at low energy $\varepsilon$ along with a vanishing Lyapunov exponent $\Gamma_1=\lim_{N\to\infty}\ln||\Pi_N||/N$, leading to the behaviour $\Gamma_2/\Gamma_1\sim\ln(1/|\varepsilon|)\to\infty$ as $\varepsilon\to0$. Our continuum description sheds new light on the Kappus-Wegner (band center) anomaly.

  • 1. LPTMS - Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Modèles Statistiques