Hitting probability for anomalous diffusion processes

Satya N. Majumdar 1, Alberto Rosso 1, Andrea Zoia 2

Physical Review Letters 104 (2010) 020602

We present the universal features of the hitting probability $Q(x,L)$, the probability that a generic stochastic process starting at $x$ and evolving in a box $[0,L]$ hits the upper boundary $L$ before hitting the lower boundary at 0. For a generic self-affine process (describing, for instance, the polymer translocation through a nanopore) we show that $Q(x,L)=Q(x/L)$ and the scaling function $Q(z)\sim z^\phi$ as $z\to 0$ with $\phi=\theta/H$ where $H$ and $\theta$ are respectively the Hurst exponent and the persistence exponent of the process. This result is verified in several exact calculations including when the process represents the position of a particle diffusing in a disordered potential. We also provide numerical supports for our analytical results.

  • 1. Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Modèles Statistiques (LPTMS),
    CNRS : UMR8626 – Université Paris XI - Paris Sud
  • 2. CEA/Saclay,
    CEA