Individual energy level distributions for one-dimensional diagonal and off-diagonal disorder

Christophe Texier 1

Journal of Physics A 33 (2000) 6095-6128

We study the distribution of the $n$-th energy level for two different one-dimensional random potentials. This distribution is shown to be related to the distribution of the distance between two consecutive nodes of the wave function. We first consider the case of a white noise potential and study the distributions of energy level both in the positive and the negative part of the spectrum. It is demonstrated that, in the limit of a large system ($L\\to\\infty$), the distribution of the $n$-th energy level is given by a scaling law which is shown to be related to the extreme value statistics of a set of independent variables. In the second part we consider the case of a supersymmetric random Hamiltonian (potential $V(x)=\\phi(x)^2+\\phi\'(x)$). We study first the case of $\\phi(x)$ being a white noise with zero mean. It is in particular shown that the ground state energy, which behaves on average like $\\exp{-L^{1/3}}$ in agreement with previous work, is not a self averaging quantity in the limit $L\\to\\infty$ as is seen in the case of diagonal disorder. Then we consider the case when $\\phi(x)$ has a non zero mean value.

  • 1. Département de Physique Théorique,
    University of Geneva