Localization of spinons in random Majumdar-Ghosh chains

Arthur Lavarélo 1, Guillaume Roux 1

Physical Review Letters 110 (2013) 087204

We study the effect of disorder on frustrated dimerized spin-1/2 chains at the Majumdar-Ghosh point. Using variational methods and density-matrix renormalization group approaches, we identify two localization mechanisms for spinons which are the deconfined fractional elementary excitations of these chains. The first one belongs to the Anderson localization class and dominates at the random Majumdar-Ghosh (RMG) point. There, spinons are almost independent, remain gapped, and localize in Lifshitz states whose localization length is analytically obtained. The RMG point then displays a quantum phase transition to phase of localized spinons at large disorder. The other mechanism is a random confinement mechanism which induces an effective interaction between spinons and brings the chain into a gapless and partially polarized phase for arbitrarily small disorder.

  • 1 : Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Modèles Statistiques (LPTMS)
    CNRS : UMR8626 – Université Paris XI - Paris Sud