Low-dimensional trapped gases

D. Petrov 1, 2, Dimitri M. Gangardt 3, 4, Gora V. Shlyapnikov 1, 2, 3, 4

Journal de Physique IV Colloque 116 (2004) 5-44

Recent developments in the physics of ultracold gases provide wide possibilities for reducing the dimensionality of space for magnetically or optically trapped atoms. The goal of these lectures is to show that regimes of quantum degeneracy in two-dimensional (2D) and one-dimensional (1D) trapped gases are drastically different from those in three dimensions and to stimulate an interest in low-dimensional systems. Attention is focused on the new physics appearing in currently studied low-dimensional trapped gases and related to finite-size and finite-temperature effects.

  • 1. FOM Institute,
    FOM Institute
  • 2. National Research Centre "Kurchatov Institute" (NRC KI),
    University of Moscow
  • 3. Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Modèles Statistiques (LPTMS),
    CNRS : UMR8626 – Université Paris XI - Paris Sud
  • 4. Laboratoire Kastler Brossel (LKB (Lhomond)),
    CNRS : UMR8552 – Université Paris VI - Pierre et Marie Curie – Ecole Normale Supérieure de Paris - ENS Paris