Negative Differential Mobility in Interacting Particle Systems

Amit Kumar Chatterjee 1 Urna Basu 2 P. K. Mohanty 1

Physical Review E , American Physical Society (APS), 2018

Driven particles in presence of crowded environment, obstacles or kinetic constraints often exhibit negative differential mobility (NDM) due to their decreased dynamical activity. We propose a new mechanism for complex many-particle systems where slowing down of certain {\it non-driven} degrees of freedom by the external field can give rise to NDM. This phenomenon, resulting from inter-particle interactions, is illustrated in a pedagogical example of two interacting random walkers, one of which is biased by an external field while the same field only slows down the other keeping it unbiased. We also introduce and solve exactly the steady state of several driven diffusive systems, including a two species exclusion model, asymmetric misanthrope and zero-range processes, to show explicitly that this mechanism indeed leads to NDM.

  • 1. Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics
  • 2. LPTMS - Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Modèles Statistiques