New phase transition in random planar diagrams and RNA-type matching

Andrey Y. Lokhov 1, Olga V. Valba 12, Mikhail V. Tamm 3, Sergei K. Nechaev 14

Physical Review E 88 (2013) 052117

We study the planar matching problem, defined by a symmetric random matrix with independent identically distributed entries, taking values 0 and 1. We show that the existence of a perfect planar matching structure is possible only above a certain critical density, $p_{c}$, of allowed contacts (i.e. of '1'). Using a formulation of the problem in terms of Dyck paths and a matrix model of planar contact structures, we provide an analytical estimation for the value of the transition point, $p_{c}$, in the thermodynamic limit. This estimation is close to the critical value, $p_{c} \approx 0.379$, obtained in numerical simulations based on an exact dynamical programming algorithm. We characterize the corresponding critical behavior of the model and discuss the relation of the perfect-imperfect matching transition to the known molten-glass transition in the context of random RNA secondary structure's formation. In particular, we provide strong evidence supporting the conjecture that the molten-glass transition at T=0 occurs at $p_{c}$.

  • 1 : Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Modèles Statistiques (LPTMS)
    CNRS : UMR8626 – Université Paris XI - Paris Sud
  • 2 : Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology
    Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology
  • 3 : Department of Physics
    Lomonosov State University
  • 4 : P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute
    Russian Academy of Science