Novel Fermi Liquid of 2D Polar Molecules

Zhen-Kai Lu 1, 2, 3, G. V. Shlyapnikov 1, 4

Physical Review A 85 (2012) 023614

We study Fermi liquid properties of a weakly interacting 2D gas of single-component fermionic polar molecules with dipole moments $d$ oriented perpendicularly to the plane of their translational motion. This geometry allows the minimization of inelastic losses due to chemical reactions for reactive molecules and, at the same time, provides a possibility of a clear description of many-body (beyond mean field) effects. The long-range character of the dipole-dipole repulsive interaction between the molecules, which scales as $1/r^3$ at large distances $r$, makes the problem drastically different from the well-known problem of the two-species Fermi gas with repulsive contact interspecies interaction. We solve the low-energy scattering problem and develop a many-body perturbation theory beyond the mean field. The theory relies on the presence of a small parameter $k_Fr_*$, where $k_F$ is the Fermi momentum, and $r_*=md^2/\hbar^2$ is the dipole-dipole length, with $m$ being the molecule mass. We obtain thermodynamic quantities as a series of expansion up to the second order in $k_Fr_*$ and argue that many-body corrections to the ground-state energy can be identified in experiments with ultracold molecules, like it has been recently done for ultracold fermionic atoms. Moreover, we show that only many-body effects provide the existence of zero sound and calculate the sound velocity.

  • 1. Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Modèles Statistiques (LPTMS),
    CNRS : UMR8626 – Université Paris XI - Paris Sud
  • 2. Max Planck Institute für quantenoptik,
    Max Planck Institute
  • 3. Fédération de recherche du département de physique de l'Ecole Normale Supérieure (FRDPENS),
    CNRS : FR684 – Ecole Normale Supérieure de Paris - ENS Paris
  • 4. Van der Waals-Zeeman Institute,
    University of Amsterdam