Off-diagonal correlations of the Calogero-Sutherland model

G. E. Astrakharchik 1, 2, D. M. Gangardt 3, Yu. E Lozovik 2, I. A. Sorokin 2

Physical Review E: Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics 74 (2006) 021105

We study correlation functions of the Calogero-Sutherland model in the whole range of the interaction parameter. Using the replica method we obtain analytical expressions for the long-distance asymptotics of the one-body density matrix in addition to the previously derived asymptotics of the pair-distribution function [D.M. Gangardt and A. Kamenev, Nucl. Phys. B, 610, 578 (2001)]. The leading analytic and non-analytic terms in the short-distance expansion of the one-body density matrix are discussed. Exact numerical results for these correlation functions are obtained using Monte Carlo techniques for all distances. The momentum distribution and static structure factor are calculated. The potential and kinetic energies are obtained using the Hellmann-Feynman theorem. Perfect agreement is found between the analytical expressions and numerical data. These results allow for the description of physical regimes of the Calogero-Sutherland model. The zero temperature phase diagram is found to be of a crossover type and includes quasi-condensation, quasi-crystallization and quasi-supersolid regimes.

  • 1. Dipartimento di Fisica,
  • 2. Institute of Spectroscopy,
    Institute of Spectroscopy
  • 3. Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Modèles Statistiques (LPTMS),
    CNRS : UMR8626 – Université Paris XI - Paris Sud