On the Gap and Time Interval between the First Two Maxima of Long Continuous Time Random Walks

Philippe Mounaix 1 Gregory Schehr 2 Satya N. Majumdar 2

Journal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment, IOP Publishing, 2016, pp.013303

We consider a one-dimensional continuous time random walk (CTRW) on a fixed time interval $T$ where at each time step the walker waits a random time $\tau$, before performing a jump drawn from a symmetric continuous probability distribution function (PDF) $f(\eta)$, of L\'evy index $0 < \mu \leq 2$. Our study includes the case where the waiting time PDF $\Psi(\tau)$ has a power law tail, $\Psi(\tau) \propto \tau^{-1 - \gamma}$, with $0< \gamma < 1$, such that the average time between two consecutive jumps is infinite. The random motion is sub-diffusive if $\gamma < \mu/2$ (and super-diffusive if $\gamma > \mu/2$). We investigate the joint PDF of the gap $g$ between the first two highest positions of the CTRW and the time $t$ separating these two maxima. We show that this PDF reaches a stationary limiting joint distribution $p(g,t)$ in the limit of long CTRW, $T \to \infty$. Our exact analytical results show a very rich behavior of this joint PDF in the $(\gamma, \mu)$ plane, which we study in great detail. Our main results are verified by numerical simulations. This work provides a non trivial extension to CTRWs of the recent study in the discrete time setting by Majumdar et al. (J. Stat. Mech. P09013, 2014).

  • 1. CPHT - Centre de Physique Théorique [Palaiseau]
  • 2. LPTMS - Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Modèles Statistiques