On the ground–state energy of finite Fermi systems

Jérôme Roccia 1, Patricio Leboeuf 1

Physical Review C 76 (2007) 014301

We study the ground--state shell correction energy of a fermionic gas in a mean--field approximation. Considering the particular case of 3D harmonic trapping potentials, we show the rich variety of different behaviors (erratic, regular, supershells) that appear when the number--theoretic properties of the frequency ratios are varied. For self--bound systems, where the shape of the trapping potential is determined by energy minimization, we obtain accurate analytic formulas for the deformation and the shell correction energy as a function of the particle number $N$. Special attention is devoted to the average of the shell correction energy. We explain why in self--bound systems it is a decreasing (and negative) function of $N$.

  • 1. Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Modèles Statistiques (LPTMS),
    CNRS : UMR8626 – Université Paris XI - Paris Sud