Optimization and Physics: On the satisfiability of random Boolean formulae

Marc Mézard 1

Annales de l'Institut Henri Poincare Physique Theorique 4 (2004) S475-S488

LECTURE GIVEN AT TH2002. Given a set of Boolean variables, and some constraints between them, is it possible to find a configuration of the variables which satisfies all constraints? This problem, which is at the heart of combinatorial optimization and computational complexity theory, is used as a guide to show the convergence between these fields and the statistical physics of disordered systems. New results on satisfiability, both on the theoretical and practical side, can be obtained thanks to the use of physics concepts and methods.

  • 1. Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Modèles Statistiques (LPTMS),
    CNRS : UMR8626 – Université Paris XI - Paris Sud