Phase Transitions in the Distribution of Bipartite Entanglement of a Random Pure State

Celine Nadal 1, Satya N. Majumdar 1, Massimo Vergassola 2

Physical Review Letters 104 (2009) 110501

Using a Coulomb gas method, we compute analytically the probability distribution of the Renyi entropies (a standard measure of entanglement) for a random pure state of a large bipartite quantum system. We show that, for any order q>1 of the Renyi entropy, there are two critical values at which the entropy's probability distribution changes shape. These critical points correspond to two different transitions in the corresponding charge density of the Coulomb gas: the disappearance of an integrable singularity at the origin and the detachement of a single-charge drop from the continuum sea of all the other charges. These transitions respectively control the left and right tails of the entropy's probability distribution, as verified also by Monte Carlo numerical simulations of the Coulomb gas equilibrium dynamics.

  • 1. Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Modèles Statistiques (LPTMS),
    CNRS : UMR8626 – Université Paris XI - Paris Sud
  • 2. Génétique in Silico,
    CNRS : URA2171 – Institut Pasteur de Paris