Probability distribution of the entanglement across a cut at an infinite-randomness fixed point

Trithep Devakul 1 Satya N. Majumdar 2 David A. Huse 1

Physical Review B : Condensed matter and materials physics, American Physical Society, 2017, 95 (10), pp.104204

We calculate the probability distribution of entanglement entropy S across a cut of a finite one dimensional spin chain of length L at an infinite randomness fixed point using Fisher's strong randomness renormalization group (RG). Using the random transverse-field Ising model as an example, the distribution is shown to take the form $p(S|L) \sim L^{-\psi(k)}$, where $k = S / \log [L/L_0]$, the large deviation function $\psi(k)$ is found explicitly, and $L_0$ is a nonuniversal microscopic length. We discuss the implications of such a distribution on numerical techniques that rely on entanglement, such as matrix product state (MPS) based techniques. Our results are verified with numerical RG simulations, as well as the actual entanglement entropy distribution for the random transverse-field Ising model which we calculate for large L via a mapping to Majorana fermions.

  • 1. DPPU - Department of Physics,Princeton University
  • 2. LPTMS - Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Modèles Statistiques