Quasi equilibrium construction for the long time limit of glassy dynamics

Silvio Franz 1 Giorgio Parisi 2 Federico Ricci-Tersenghi 2 Pierfrancesco Urbani 3

Journal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment, IOP Publishing, 2015, pp.P10010

In this paper we review a recent proposal to understand the long time limit of glassy dynamics in terms of an appropriate Markov Chain. [1]. The advantages of the resulting construction are many. The first one is that it gives a quasi equilibrium description on how glassy systems explore the phase space in the slow relaxation part of their dynamics. The second one is that it gives an alternative way to obtain dynamical equations starting from a dynamical rule that is static in spirit. This provides a way to overcome the difficulties encountered in the short time part of the dynamics where current conservation must be enforced. We study this approach in detail in a prototypical mean field disordered spin system, namely the p-spin spherical model, showing how we can obtain the well known equations that describes its dynamics. Then we apply the same approach to structural glasses. We first derive a set of dynamical Ornstein-Zernike equations which are very general in nature. Finally we consider two possible closure schemes for them, namely the Hypernetted Chain approximation of liquid theory and a closure of the BBGKY hierarchy that has been recently introduced by G. Szamel. From both approaches we finally find a set of dynamical Mode-Coupling like equations that are supposed to describe the system in the long time/slow dynamics regime.

  • 1. LPTMS - Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Modèles Statistiques
  • 2. Dipartimento di Fisica and INFM
  • 3. IPHT - Institut de Physique Théorique - UMR CNRS 3681