Random matrices and entanglement entropy of trapped Fermi gases

Pasquale Calabrese 1 Pierre Le Doussal 2 Satya N. Majumdar 3

Physical Review A, American Physical Society, 2015, pp.012303

We exploit and clarify the use of random matrix theory for the calculation of the entanglement entropy of free Fermi gases. We apply this method to obtain analytic predictions for Renyi entanglement entropies of a one-dimensional gas trapped by a harmonic potential in all the relevant scaling regimes. We confirm our findings with accurate numerical calculations obtained by means of an ingenious discretisation of the reduced correlation matrix.

  • 1. SISSA -- International School for Advanced Studies and INFN
  • 2. LPTENS - Laboratoire de Physique Théorique de l'ENS
  • 3. LPTMS - Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Modèles Statistiques