Statistics of knots and entangled random walks

Sergei K. Nechaev 1

The lectures review the state of affairs in modern branch of mathematical physics called probabilistic topology. In particular we consider the following problems: (i) We estimate the probability of a trivial knot formation on the lattice using the Kauffman algebraic invariants and show the connection of this problem with the thermodynamic properties of 2D disordered Potts model; (ii) We investigate the limit behavior of random walks in multi-connected spaces and on non-commutative groups related to the knot theory. We discuss the application of the above mentioned problems in statistical physics of polymer chains. On the basis of non-commutative probability theory we derive some new results in statistical physics of entangled polymer chains which unite rigorous mathematical facts with more intuitive physical arguments.

  • 1. Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Modèles Statistiques (LPTMS),
    CNRS : UMR8626 – Université Paris XI - Paris Sud