Strong-Coupling Theory of Counter-ions at Charged Plates

L. Samaj 1, E. Trizac 2

Physical Review Letters 106 (2011) 078301

We present an analytical approach to the strong coupling regime of similarly and highly charged plates in the presence of counter-ions. The procedure is physically transparent and based on an exact expansion around the ground state formed by the two-dimensional Wigner crystal of counter-ions. The one plate problem is worked out, together with the two plates situation. Unlike previous approaches, the expansion is free of divergences, and is shown to be in excellent agreement with available data of Monte-Carlo simulations under strong Coulombic couplings. The present results shed light on the like-charge attraction regime.

  • 1. Institute of Physics,
    Slovak Academy of Sciences
  • 2. Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Modèles Statistiques (LPTMS),
    CNRS : UMR8626 – Université Paris XI - Paris Sud