Supersolidity of cnoidal waves in an ultracold Bose gas – Archive ouverte HAL

Giovanni I. MartoneAlessio RecatiNicolas Pavloff 1

Giovanni I. Martone, Alessio Recati, Nicolas Pavloff. Supersolidity of cnoidal waves in an ultracold Bose gas. Physical Review Research, American Physical Society, 2021, 3 (1), ⟨10.1103/PhysRevResearch.3.013143⟩. ⟨hal-03223891⟩

A one-dimensional Bose-Einstein condensate may experience nonlinear periodic modulations known as "cnoidal waves". We argue that such structures represent promising candidates for the study of supersolidity-related phenomena in a non-equilibrium state. A mean-field treatment makes it possible to rederive Leggett's formula for the superfluid fraction of the system and to estimate it analytically. We determine the excitation spectrum, for which we obtain analytical results in the two opposite limiting cases of (i) a linearly modulated background and (ii) a train of dark solitons. The presence of two Goldstone (gapless) modes -- associated with the spontaneous breaking of $\mathrm{U}(1)$ symmetry and of continuous translational invariance -- at large wavelength is verified. We also calculate the static structure factor and the compressibility of cnoidal waves, which show a divergent behavior at the edges of each Brillouin zone.

  • 1. LPTMS - Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Modèles Statistiques