Surface temperatures in New York City: Geospatial data enables the accurate prediction of radiative heat transfer

Masoud Ghandehari 1 Thorsten Emig 2, 3 Milad Aghamohamadnia 1

Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2018

Three decades into the research seeking to derive the urban energy budget, the dynamics of the thermal exchange between the densely built infrastructure and the environment are still not well understood. We present a novel hybrid experimental-numerical approach for the analysis of the radiative heat transfer in New York City. The aim of this work is to contribute to the calculation of the urban energy budget, in particular the stored energy. Improved understanding of urban thermodynamics incorporating the interaction of the various bodies will have implications on energy conservation at the building scale, as well as human health and comfort at the urban scale. The platform presented is based on longwave hyperspectral imaging of nearly 100 blocks of Manhattan, and a geospatial radiosity model that describes the collective radiative heat exchange between multiple buildings. The close comparison of temperature values derived from measurements and the computed surface temperatures (including streets and roads) implies that this geospatial, thermodynamic numerical model applied to urban structures, is promising for accurate and high resolution analysis of urban surface temperatures.

  • 1. NYU Tandon School of Engineering
  • 2. LPTMS - Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Modèles Statistiques
  • 3. MSE2 - Multiscale Materials Science for Energy and Environment