Surfing on minima of isostatic landscapes: avalanches and unjamming transition – Archive ouverte HAL

Silvio Franz 1 Antonio Sclocchi 1 Pierfrancesco Urbani 2

Silvio Franz, Antonio Sclocchi, Pierfrancesco Urbani. Surfing on minima of isostatic landscapes: avalanches and unjamming transition. Journal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment, IOP Publishing, 2021. ⟨hal-03223882⟩

Recently, we showed that optimization problems, both in infinite as well as in finite dimensions, for continuous variables and soft excluded volume constraints, can display entire isostatic phases where local minima of the cost function are marginally stable configurations endowed with non-linear excitations [1,2]. In this work we describe an athermal adiabatic algorithm to explore with continuity the corresponding rough high-dimensional landscape. We concentrate on a prototype problem of this kind, the spherical perceptron optimization problem with linear cost function (hinge loss). This algorithm allows to "surf" between isostatic marginally stable configurations and to investigate some properties of such landscape. In particular we focus on the statistics of avalanches occurring when local minima are destabilized. We show that when perturbing such minima, the system undergoes plastic rearrangements whose size is power law distributed and we characterize the corresponding critical exponent. Finally we investigate the critical properties of the unjamming transition, showing that the linear interaction potential gives rise to logarithmic behavior in the scaling of energy and pressure as a function of the distance from the unjamming point. For some quantities, the logarithmic corrections can be gauged out. This is the case of the number of soft constraints that are violated as a function of the distance from jamming which follows a non-trivial power law behavior.

  • 1. LPTMS - Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Modèles Statistiques
  • 2. IPHT - Institut de Physique Théorique - UMR CNRS 3681