Survival probability of an immobile target surrounded by mobile traps

Jasper Franke 1, Satya N. Majumdar 2

Journal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment (2012) P05024

We study analytically, in one dimension, the survival probability $P_{s}(t)$ up to time $t$ of an immobile target surrounded by mutually noninteracting traps each performing a continuous-time random walk (CTRW) in continuous space. We consider a general CTRW with symmetric and continuous (but otherwise arbitrary) jump length distribution $f(\eta)$ and arbitrary waiting time distribution $\psi(\tau)$. The traps are initially distributed uniformly in space with density $\rho$. We prove an exact relation, valid for all time $t$, between $P_s(t)$ and the expected maximum $E[M(t)]$ of the trap process up to time $t$, for rather general stochastic motion $x_{\rm trap}(t)$ of each trap. When $x_{\rm trap}(t)$ represents a general CTRW with arbitrary $f(\eta)$ and $\psi(\tau)$, we are able to compute exactly the first two leading terms in the asymptotic behavior of $E[M(t)]$ for large $t$. This allows us subsequently to compute the precise asymptotic behavior, $P_s(t)\sim a\, \exp[-b\, t^{\theta}]$, for large $t$, with exact expressions for the stretching exponent $\theta$ and the constants $a$ and $b$ for arbitrary CTRW. By choosing appropriate $f(\eta)$ and $\psi(\tau)$, we recover the previously known results for diffusive and subdiffusive traps. However, our result is more general and includes, in particular, the superdiffusive traps as well as totally anomalous traps.

  • 1. Institut für Theoretische Physik,
    Universität zu Köln
  • 2. Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Modèles Statistiques (LPTMS),
    CNRS : UMR8626 – Université Paris XI - Paris Sud