Symmetry Violation of Quantum Multifractality: Gaussian fluctuations versus Algebraic Localization – Archive ouverte HAL

A. Bilen 1 Bertrand Georgeot 2 O. Giraud 3 Gabriel Lemarié 2, 4, 5 I. García-Mata 1

A. Bilen, Bertrand Georgeot, O. Giraud, Gabriel Lemarié, I. García-Mata. Symmetry Violation of Quantum Multifractality: Gaussian fluctuations versus Algebraic Localization. Physical Review Research, American Physical Society, 2021, 3, pp.L022023. ⟨hal-03160414⟩

Quantum multifractality is a fundamental property of systems such as non-interacting disordered systems at an Anderson transition and many-body systems in Hilbert space. Here we discuss the origin of the presence or absence of a fundamental symmetry related to this property. The anomalous multifractal dimension $\Delta_q$ is used to characterize the structure of quantum states in such systems. Although the multifractal symmetry relation \mbox{$\Delta_q=\Delta_{1-q}$} is universally fulfilled in many known systems, recently some important examples have emerged where it does not hold. We show that the reason for this is the presence of atypically small eigenfunction amplitudes induced by two different mechanisms. The first one was already known and is related to Gaussian fluctuations well described by random matrix theory. The second one, not previously explored, is related to the presence of an algebraically localized envelope. While the effect of Gaussian fluctuations can be removed by coarse graining, the second mechanism is robust to such a procedure. We illustrate the violation of the symmetry due to algebraic localization on two systems of very different nature, a 1D Floquet critical system and a model corresponding to Anderson localization on random graphs.

  • 1. IFIMAR - Instituto de Investigaciones Físicas de Mar del Plata
  • 2. LPT - Laboratoire de Physique Théorique
  • 3. LPTMS - Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Modèles Statistiques
  • 4. UMI 3654 - MajuLab
  • 5. CQT - Centre for Quantum Technologies [Singapore]