Tkachenko modes and their damping in the vortex lattice regime of rapidly rotating bosons

S. I. Matveenko 1, 2, G. V. Shlyapnikov 1, 3

Physical Review A: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics 83 (2011) 033604

We have found an exact analytical solution of the Bogoliubov-de Gennes equations for the Tkachenko modes of the vortex lattice in the lowest Landau level (LLL) in the thermodynamic limit at any momenta and calculated their damping rates. At finite temperatures both Beliaev and Landau damping leads to momentum independent damping rates in the low-energy limit, which shows that at sufficiently low energies Tkachenko modes become strongly damped. We then found that the mean square fluctuations of the density grow logarithmically at large distances, which indicates that the state is ordered in the vortex lattice only on a finite (although exponentially large) distance scale and introduces a low-momentum cut-off. Using this circumstance we showed that at finite temperatures the one-body density matrix undergoes an exponential decay at large distances.

  • 1. Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Modèles Statistiques (LPTMS),
    CNRS : UMR8626 – Université Paris XI - Paris Sud
  • 2. L.D. Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics,
    Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics
  • 3. Van der Waals-Zeeman Institute,
    University of Amsterdam