Topological Confinement of Spins and Charges: Spinons as pi-junctions

Serguei Brazovskii 1

EDP Sciences 1 (2001) 315

Topologically nontrivial states, the solitons, emerge as elementary excitations in 1D electronic systems. In a quasi 1D material the topological requirements originate the spin- or charge- roton like excitations with charge- or spin- kinks localized in the core. They result from the spin-charge recombination due to confinement and the combined symmetry. The rotons possess semi-integer winding numbers which may be relevant to configurations discussed in connection to quantum computing schemes. Practically important is the case of the spinon functioning as the single electronic pi- junction in a quasi 1D superconducting material.

  • 1. Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Modèles Statistiques (LPTMS),
    CNRS : UMR8626 – Université Paris XI - Paris Sud