Universal Asymptotic Statistics of Maximal Relative Height in One-dimensional Solid-on-solid Models

Gregory Schehr 1, Satya N. Majumdar 2

Physical Review E: Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics 73 (2006) 056103

We study the probability density function $P(h_m,L)$ of the maximum relative height $h_m$ in a wide class of one-dimensional solid-on-solid models of finite size $L$. For all these lattice models, in the large $L$ limit, a central limit argument shows that, for periodic boundary conditions, $P(h_m,L)$ takes a universal scaling form $P(h_m,L) \sim (\sqrt{12}w_L)^{-1}f(h_m/(\sqrt{12} w_L))$, with $w_L$ the width of the fluctuating interface and $f(x)$ the Airy distribution function. For one instance of these models, corresponding to the extremely anisotropic Ising model in two dimensions, this result is obtained by an exact computation using transfer matrix technique, valid for any $L>0$. These arguments and exact analytical calculations are supported by numerical simulations, which show in addition that the subleading scaling function is also universal, up to a non universal amplitude, and simply given by the derivative of the Airy distribution function $f'(x)$.

  • 1. Theoretische Physik,
    Universität des Saarlandes
  • 2. Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Modèles Statistiques (LPTMS),
    CNRS : UMR8626 – Université Paris XI - Paris Sud