Difference between revisions of "Low-level integer routines with gcc"

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Ref : [http://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gccint.pdf From Gnu Compiler Collection Internals]
 
Ref : [http://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gccint.pdf From Gnu Compiler Collection Internals]
  
An alternative is to dig directly into the /include/ directory of gcc and find some useful routines: for example
+
An alternative is to dig directly into the /include/ directory of gcc and find some useful routines: for example in smmintrin.h, one finds a popcount for longs:
 
<source lang="cpp">
 
<source lang="cpp">
#include <smmintrin.h>
 
 
long word = 1028464683;
 
long word = 1028464683;
 
cout << __builtin_popcountll(word) << endl;
 
cout << __builtin_popcountll(word) << endl;
 
</source>
 
</source>

Latest revision as of 14:45, 28 June 2012

Gcc supports low-level integer routines similar to the FORTRAN routines POPCOUNT, ISHIFT...

The examples below are given for long long, the routines name changes for long and int

long long __ashlti3 (long long a, int b )       //These functions return the result of shifting a left by b bits.
long long __ashrti3 (long long a, int b )       //These functions return the result of arithmetically shifting a right by b bits.
long long __divti3  (long long a, long long b ) //These functions return the quotient of the signed division of a and b.
long long __lshrti3 (long long a, int b )       //These functions return the result of logically shifting a right by b bits.
int __clzti2 (long long a ) //These functions return the number of leading 0-bits in a, starting at the most significant bit position. 
                            //If a is zero, the result is undefined.
int __ctzti2 (long long a ) //These functions return the number of trailing 0-bits in a, starting at the least significant bit position. 
                            //If a is zero, the result is undefined.
int __ffsti2 (long long a ) //These functions return the index of the least significant 1-bit in a, or the value zero if a is zero.
                            // The least significant bit is index one.
int __parityti2 (long long a )   //These functions return the value zero if the number of bits set in a is even, and the value one otherwise.
int __popcountti2 (long long a ) //These functions return the number of bits set in a.
int64_t __bswapdi2 (int64 t a )  //These functions return the a byteswapped.

Ref : From Gnu Compiler Collection Internals

An alternative is to dig directly into the /include/ directory of gcc and find some useful routines: for example in smmintrin.h, one finds a popcount for longs:

long word = 1028464683;
cout << __builtin_popcountll(word) << endl;